The Vital Role of Vitamin A in Child Health


Vitamin A is a crucial nutrient for the health of young children, extending beyond its well-known role in maintaining eye health. To better understand the significance of vitamin A for the well-being of the little angels in your family, let’s delve into this article from

Eyes are one of the most vital organs in the human body, and vitamin A plays a crucial role in protecting and maintaining their health. However, the functions of vitamin A extend beyond eye health. Vitamin A also plays a pivotal role in boosting a child’s immune system.

Deficiency of vitamin A in children can lead to various serious health issues. This can result in impaired vision, making them more susceptible to dangerous infectious diseases like diarrhea and measles. Additionally, children may experience dry skin, dry eyes, respiratory problems, and delayed wound healing, among other issues.

To ensure that your child gets enough vitamin A, you can look for natural sources of this nutrient in wholesome foods. Leafy greens and fruits are rich sources of vitamin A that you can incorporate into your child’s daily diet. By providing an adequate amount of vitamin A to your child, you are ensuring they have the opportunity to grow strong, healthy, and resilient against potential health issues. Paying attention to your child’s diet and ensuring they receive essential nutrients is crucial for their growth and development.

Various Functions of Vitamin A for Children

Here are some key functions of vitamin A for your child that you should be aware of:

  1. Maintaining Eye Health

As you may know, vitamin A’s function is often associated with maintaining eye health. Providing sufficient vitamin A to your child has been shown to protect their eyes from cell damage, improve vision, and reduce the risk of developing various eye diseases in the future.

  1. Enhancing the Immune System

Vitamin A’s function is also crucial in keeping your child’s immune system functioning normally, making their body more robust in fighting diseases. This is because vitamin A plays a role in the formation of immune cells to combat infections and produce powerful antibodies.

  1. Reducing the Risk of Illness

Another important function of vitamin A is acting as an antioxidant that can protect the body’s cells from damage caused by free radicals. By adequately supplementing vitamin A, your child can reduce the risk of various illnesses.

  1. Supporting Bone Health

Another benefit of vitamin A for young children is its ability to support bone development. While you may know that the nutrients bones primarily need are protein, vitamin D, and calcium, vitamin A is also essential for a child’s bone development. Therefore, mothers should also ensure that their child receives enough vitamin A in their daily diet.

  1. Helping Recover from Measles

Did you know that one of the major risk factors for measles is a lack of vitamin A in the body? Therefore, the function of vitamin A is crucial in helping recover from measles. The World Health Organization (WHO) recommends optimal daily vitamin A supplementation for children under 5 years old.

  1. Preventing Anemia Risk

In addition to consuming iron-rich foods, you should also supplement vitamin A in your child’s diet because vitamin A’s function can help increase the production of red blood cells (hemoglobin) in the body to prevent anemia.

Sources of Vitamin A-Rich Foods

Vitamin A plays a vital role in the health and development of young children, so providing an adequate amount of this nutrient to your child is essential. Vitamin A exists in two main forms: retinol (vitamin A1) found in animal foods and carotenoids (beta-carotene) found in plant foods.

Here is a list of animal-based foods rich in vitamin A:

  • Milk
  • Beef liver and chicken liver
  • Salmon
  • Eggs
  • Cod liver oil
  • Cheese

Meanwhile, beta-carotene is a compound found in plant foods that can be rapidly converted into vitamin A in the body. Here is a list of plant-based foods rich in beta-carotene:

  • Sweet potatoes
  • Pumpkin
  • Spinach
  • Kale
  • Carrots
  • Swiss chard

So, do you know how much daily vitamin A your child aged 1 to 3 years old needs? According to recommendations, children aged 1-3 years old require a minimum of 300 micrograms (mcg) of vitamin A daily to ensure their health and optimal development.

Fruits Rich in Vitamin A for Children

Below is a list of fruits containing high levels of vitamin A:

  1. Mangoes

Aside from their sweet and tangy flavor, mangoes are known for being a fruit with high vitamin A content. According to the United States Department of Agriculture (USDA), one mango contains 112 mcg of vitamin A, equivalent to 45% of a child’s daily vitamin A requirement.

It’s no surprise that vitamin A-rich fruits are beneficial for maintaining the health of a child’s eyes and skin from within. Moreover, regular consumption of mangoes can enhance endurance and maintain digestive health.

  1. Papaya

Another fruit that is abundant in vitamin A is papaya. It is often chosen by mothers to ease their child’s digestive problems.

In fact, papaya offers more essential benefits. Vitamin A-rich fruits can prevent cell damage caused by free radicals, enhance heart health, and soothe the digestive system. In every 100 grams of papaya, there are approximately 78 mcg of vitamin A, equivalent to 33% of a child’s daily vitamin A requirement.

  1. Grapefruit

Grapefruit, a less common fruit compared to other citrus fruits, hides a precious secret for the health of young children. You might be surprised to learn that grapefruit contains much more vitamin A than other citrus fruits. In every 200 grams of grapefruit, we find about 95 micrograms of vitamin A, equivalent to 25% of a child’s daily vitamin A requirement.

Grapefruit not only serves as a superfood but also offers enormous benefits for the digestive system, eye health, and skin of children while enhancing their immune system.

  1. Apricots

Apricots, a fruit similar to peaches, are also a valuable source of vitamin A. In every 100 grams of apricots, we find around 90 micrograms of vitamin A, equivalent to 30% of a child’s daily vitamin A requirement. Apart from vitamin A, apricots are rich in fiber and vitamin C, making them an excellent combination for overall health.

  1. Pomegranates

Pomegranates, a fruit with a high vitamin A content, not only help strengthen the immune system but also maintain smooth skin and protect the body from free radicals while soothing the digestive system. In every 100 grams of pomegranate, you will find about 31 micrograms of vitamin A, equivalent to 15% of a child’s daily vitamin A requirement.


In conclusion, vitamin A plays a vital role in maintaining the health and well-being of children. Its functions extend beyond eye health, encompassing immune system support, disease prevention, bone health, and recovery from illnesses like measles. To ensure that your child receives an adequate amount of vitamin A, incorporate a variety of vitamin A-rich foods into their diet, including both animal-based and plant-based sources. Fruits such as mangoes, papayas, grapefruits, apricots, and pomegranates are excellent choices for providing essential vitamin A to promote your child’s growth and development. By prioritizing your child’s nutrition, you are helping them build a strong foundation for a healthy and vibrant life.